The AiPOL JOURNAL provides an important forum to discuss concepts and ideas on ways to achieve better policing for our community as well as dealing with the issues that affect the welfare, wellbeing and safety of police in general.

Volume 16 Number 1 March 2024

  • UNODC World Drug Report
  • Post-mortem Toxicology (higher Concentrations) and a Place for Cocaine
  • Decriminalising Drug use is Different to Legalising Drug use, but is this Halfway Policy Working?
  • CCSA Canadian Drug Summary: Opioids
  • Estimates of Drug Overdose Deaths Involving Fentanyl, Methamphetamine, Cocaine, Heroin, and Oxycodone: United States, 2021
  • Oregon Officials Declare State of Emergency to Address Fentanyl Crisise
  • Portland Decrees 90-day State of Emergency to Tackle Fentanyl Crisis
  • Principles and Metrics for Evaluating Oregon’s Innovative Drug Decriminalisation Measure
  • A Call for an Evidence-Based Strategy Against the Overdose Crisis
  • Modelling as Visioning: Exploring the Impact of Criminal Justice Reform on Health of Populations with Substance Use Disorders
  • Understanding Successful Policy Innovation: The case of Portuguese drug policy

Volume 15 Number 3 September 2023

  • Admissibility of expert evidence
  • Expert witness bias largely unchecked in Australian courts
  • Forensic Analysis: Delivering expert evidence is becoming harder
  • Expert Activism: How expert evidence derailed a conviction
  • ‘Preparing expert witnesses – a (continuing) search for ethical boundaries’
  • Dos and don’ts for expert witnesses in the witness box
  • Admissibility of police reports
  • New aim and difficulties with the admissibility of expert evidence
  • Police ‘Argot’ Experts in drug cases: independent?
  • An embarrassing debacle
  • Expert evidence founded on speculation

Volume 15 Number 2 June 2023

  • Welcome to the ‘plea deal state’ where coldblooded killers have murder charges dropped and get out of jail years earlier. WAYNE FLOWER reports on the disturbing trend of shocking crimes NOT going to trial
  • Plea bargains and the efficiencies of justice
  • Representation reduces number and severity of charges, new research shows
  • Plea negotiations: An empirical analysis
  • Negotiating about charges and pleas – balancing interests and justice
  • Victims ignored in plea deals
  • Australia’s justice systems are prioritising cost efficiency and productivity. Some experts have concerns


Volume 15 Number 1 March 2023

  • Accused Hillsborough trio ‘altered statements to mask police failings’
  • The Ethics of Witness Preparation: The Fine Line of Ethical Witness Preparation
  • Some Ethical Issues for Legal Practitioners
  • Cut and Paste Credibility Evidence
  • Exploring The Influence of Courtroom Questioning and Pre-Trial Preparation on Adult Witness Accuracy
  • Ethics And International Arbitration – Coaching A Witness Under Different Perspectives
  • Truth Be Told – Witness Preparation in Singapore, Hong Kong and the United States
  • Teo colleague’s ‘whole new series of recollections’ after contact with lawyers
  • Eyewitness Testimony and Memory Biases

Volume 14 Number 4 December 2022

  • Human trafficking in Ukraine
  • Ukraine prosecutors uncover sex trafficking ring preying on women fleeing country
  • Conflict in Ukraine: key evidence on risks of trafficking in persons and smuggling of migrants
  • 20 countries spin a web to catch human traffickers during a hackathon
  • Ukraine war: A village celebratesRussian retreat
  • The war in Ukraine raises the risk of modern slavery
  • Millions of women and children have fled the war in Ukraine. Traffickers are waiting to prey on them
  • Ukraine response: counter trafficking
  • 2022 Trafficking in Persons Report: Ukraine


Volume 14 Number 3 September 2022

  • National Police Rememberance Day
  • Australian Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs
    Identification Chart
  • Comanchero bikie Maher Aouli’s
    waterfront mansion among assets
    to be seized by police
  • Bikie gang safe havens and
    hideouts around the world
  • Targeted Sanctions and Organised Crime: Impact and Lessons for Future Use
  • Victoria Police repeatedly pushed
    government to fix anti-bikie laws
  • New powers to crack down
    on organised crime

Volume 14 Number 2 June 2022

  • Immediate action required to avoid Ransomware pandemic
  • Ransomware: A Perfect Storm
  • 2021 Trends Show Increased Globalized Threat of Ransomeware
  • Exfiltrate, encrypt, extort
  • Is Australia a sitting duck for ransomware attacks? Yes, and the danger has been growing for 30 years
  • Joint global ransomware operation sees arrests and criminal network dismantled

Volume 14 Number 1 March 2022

  • Australia the highest per capita cocaine user in the world
  • Cocaine
  • Despite pandemic and border closures, drug smugglers try to reach Australian shores
  • Year’s worth fo cocaine seized by cops in mammoth drug bust
  • Part of the landscape
  • Cocaine trafficking from non-traditional ports: eamining the cases of Argentina, Chile and Uruguay

Volume 13 Number 4 December 2021

  • Transnational Serious & Organised Crime
  • Update on Operation Ironside
  • Global Organized Crime Index website
  • Australia needs a better strategy for fighting organised crime
  • Australia’s casinos a hotspot for global money-laundering operations
  • The fallen star: Sydney’s cleanskin casino caught in ‘dirty’ company
  • High Rollers

Volume 13 Number 3 September 2021

The Australasian Institute of Policing welcomes the passing of the Surveillance Legislation (Identity and Disrupt) Bill 2020 by the Australian Parliament, as recommended by the Institute in this edition.

  • Special Operation Ironside
  • The ‘most significant’ police operation in Australian history
  • The Identity and Disrupt Bull 2020 Overview
  • AFP-led Operation Ironside smashes organised crime
  • Encryption Criminals & Operation Ironside
  • Protecting Australia beyond its traditional borders
  • Operation Ironside and ANOM

Volume 13 Number 2 June 2021

  • 30 years since the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody
  • Colonial Australia was surprisingly concerned about Aboriginal deaths in custody
  • Identifying the prevelance and predictors of suicidal behaviours for indigenous males in custody
  • Reflections from the Front Line
  • Shooting deaths in police custody
  • Inquests can be sites of justice or administrative violence
  • For protestors not all black lives matter

Volume 13 Number 1 March 2021

  • Criminals targeted for encrypted phones
  • Trouble on line for criminals using encrypted phones
  • Decrypted: Phantom Secure takedown a ‘significant blow’ against Australia’s organised crime networks
  • No backdoors: Investigating the Dutch Standpoint on Encryption
  • Cops take out encrypted comms to disrupt organised crime
  • Dismantling of an encrypted network sends shockwaves through organised crime groups across Europe
  • Encryption as a challenge for European law enforcement agencies

Volume 12 Number 4 December 2020

  • Commonwealth Integrity Commission Fact Sheet
  • Reasons for delaying an integrity commission are blatant nonsense
  • Explainer: what is the proposed Commonwealth Integrity Commission and how would it work?
  • Rule of law means no room for show trials
  • Different breeds of watchdog
  • A crime of the powerful
  • Federal MPs to face corruption scrutiny

Volume 12 Number 3 September 2020

  • Highs and lows of drug trade and organised crime in the wake of pandemic
  • Availability of COVID-19 related products on Tor darknet markets
  • Coronavirus: shock at rise in online predators
  • COVID-19 pandemic and crime trends in NSW
  • Key findings from the ‘Australians’ Drug Use: Adapting to Pandemic Threats’ (ADAPT) Study
  • Pot, pills and the pandemic: how coronavirus is changing the way we use drugs
  • The prevalence of domestic violence among women during the COVID-19 pandemic

Volume 12 Number 2 June 2020

  • COVID-19 may have been prevented
  • Why wild animals are a key ingredient in China’s coronavirus outbreak
  • The spread of pathogens through trade in wildlife
  • Zoonotic viruses associated with illegally imported wildlife products
  • Regulating wildlife conservation and food safety to prevent human exposure to novel virus
  • Baby pangolins on my plate: possible lessons to learn from the COVID-19 pandemic
  • The legal proposals shaping the future of wildlife in China

Volume 12 Number 1 March 2020

  • European Jihad: Future of the Past?
  • Boris Johnson says 74 terror prisoners released early
  • Slain London terrorist just freed from jail
  • An examination of Jihadi Recidivism Rates in the United States
  • Typology of Terror
  • Deradicalisation ‘still has a long way to go’
  • Terrorism: The recidivist risk

Volume 11 Number 4 December 2019

  • Royal Commission into the Management of Police Informants Progress Report
  • Victorian Legal Services Board & Commissioner
  • Australian Institute of Policing
  • Victorian Bar
  • Submission from Brendan Moss
  • Royal Commission into the “Lawyer X” / Informer 3838 Scandal
  • Community Advocacy Alliance Incorporated
  • Lawyer X Nicola Gobbo played ‘minimal’ role in bringing down Carl Williams, cop tells inquiry

Volume 11 Number 3 September 2019

  • Royal Commission into the Management of Police Informants Progress Report
  • Victorian Legal Services Board & Commissioner
  • Australian Institute of Policing
  • Victorian Bar
  • Submission from Brendan Moss
  • Royal Commission into the “Lawyer X” / Informer 3838 Scandal
  • Community Advocacy Alliance Incorporated
  • Lawyer X Nicola Gobbo played ‘minimal’ role in bringing down Carl Williams, cop tells inquiry

Volume 11 Number 2 July 2019

  • Police Bashing – Here we go again
  • Warring against sources: The Australian National Security State, Journalism and the Public Interest
  • AFP statement on activity in Canberra and Sydney
  • Police raid on ABC offices sparks firestorm over press freedom and national security
  • Doorstop interview
  • Morrison opens door to security law review after controversial raids
  • Questions raised over timing of AFP raids
  • World’s media condemns police raids of the ABC
  • ABC chair Ita Buttrose raises ‘grave concerns’ with minister over ‘unprecedented’ raids
  • After the AFP raids, is it still possible for whistleblowers to speak out?

Volume 11 Number 1 March 2019

  • Gangsters, cops and Lawyer X: the police informant scandal that has shocked Australia
  • High Court of Australia
  • Royal Commission into Management of Informants
  • Melbourne gangland lawyer explains why she became a police informant
  • Aspects of Evidentiary Privileges in Australia
  • The Lawyer-turned-Informant: Where Does One Draw the Line On Legal Professional Privilege?
  • Uniform Evidence Law
  • Lawyer X and police informants: what is a lawyer’s duty to their client and are there exceptions?
  • Privilege, policing and the pub test: Questions to be answered from the Lawyer X scandal
  • Background & Outcome of Australasian Institute of Policing  General Meeting

Volume 10 Number 3 November 2018

  • Taking Stock: A decade of drug policy
  • Targeting iliicit drugs
  • Criminal innovation and illicit global markets – transnational crime in Asia
  • The international darknet drugs trade – a regional analysis of cryptomarkets
  • IDDR 2016-17 importation methods
  • IDDR 2016-17 National seizures and arrests
  • Symbolic perceptions of methamphetamine: differentiating between ice and shake
  • Crime does pay, the war on drugs doesn’t
  • Post-war prevention: emerging frameworks to prevent drug use after the War on Drugs
  • Nine reasons why ecstasty is not quite what it used to be

Volume 10 Number 2 July 2018

  • The science of Fake News
  • Fake News: A legal perpective
  • Fake News – and what (not) to do about it
  • The genuine problem of Fake News
  • Putin was ‘good’ and Obama was ‘bad’
  • Measuring the reach of “Fake News” and online disinformation in Europe
  • Jordan Peele’s simulated Obama PSA is a double-edged warning against Fake News
  • Should the UK adopt European-style Fake News laws?
  • Misinformation for profit
  • Sharing Fake News could land you a fine of AED1 million
  • Fake News, hacking threat to democracy now on ‘unseen scale’, report says
  • New standards for journalists to fight Fake News

Volume 10 Number 1 March 2018

  • Welcome to our new editor Dr Amanda Davies
  • Technology, data and reliable prediction
  • Fighting crime with Slack
  • Apple Health data used in murder trial
  • Cops use murdered woman’s Fitbit to charge her husband
  • Artificial Intelligence and Law Enforcement
  • Hitachi built an AI security system that follows you through a crowd
  • This crime-solving AI was originally developed to help astronauts-in-training
  • Eerie tech promises to copy anyone’s voice from just one minute of audio
  • Of, for, and by the people: the legal lacuna of synthetic persons
  • Kanagawa police to launch AI-based predictive policing system before Olympics
  • As Artificial Intelligence evolves, so does its criminal potential
  • AI uses Bitcoin trail to find and help sex-trafficking victims
  • Policing, technology and terrorism in the 21st century
  • Dutch police use augmented reality to investigate crime scenes
  • Dubai police to deploy robotic patrols

Volume 9 Number 2 Summer 2017

  • Statement on NSW Coroner’s findings and recommendations into the Lindt Café Siege
  • The 45 recommendations of Lindt Café Siege inquest
  • Defence support to domestic counter-terrorism arrangements
  • Press Conference with Chief of the Defence Force, Air Chief Marshal Mark Binskin AC
  • A strong and secure Australia
  • Press Conference with the Attorney-General, Minister for Immigration and Border Protection and Minister for Justice
  • Inquest finding into the death of radicalised teen Numan Haider
  • Reviewing the ADF’s role in domestic counter-terrorism responses
  • Police legitimacy and engaging with terrorism
  • Social media and police: Potential for conflict and mistrust
  • The true story of the Lindt Café

Volume 9, No.1 Winter 2017

  • Presentation on increased needs for both security and police departments
  • Food crime and the Uk’s Food Crime Unit
  • Theory or not theory? That is the question
  • Official Crime Statistics: the dark figure of hate crime in Wales
  • The sustainability of Policing Domestic Abuse: Insights from Wales and Australia

Volume 8, No.1 – 2016

  • Sustainability: a briefing paper
  • Domestic abuse – a continuing problem for police
  • The Russell Street bombing 30 years on

Volume 7, No.2 – 2015

  • Starting from Scratch: Planning Practices of Police Recruits in Western Australia Jane Tudor-Owen, Adrian J. Scott, Pamela J. Henry and Ray Bull
  • Migrants in Police Forces: A Sociological Attempt to Get a Broader Picture Professor Dr. Jonas Grutzpalk
  • Crime and Tourism: The Police Response R.I. Mawby

Volume 7, No.1 – 2015

  • Responding to Active Shooter Incidents in Australia Gene Hodgins and Anthony Saliba
  • Methamphetamine use among Australian Police Detainees Susan Goldsmid and Rick Brown
  • Is anyone remotely interested? The rise of the police drone Mike Coliandris and Geoff Coliandris

Volume 6, No. 2 – 2014

  • Decision Making and the National Intelligence Model:
  • No Accounting for Decision Bias – Palmer P, Pournara M, Espinosa Delgardo I and Palmer H
  • Mental Health and Policing in the UK – A Watershed Moment? – Professor Jenny Fleming
  • Policing Youth Curfews: The Wee Willie Winkie Model of Enforcing Bail Conditions – Angela Robinson and Isabelle Bartkowiak-Théron
  • Governing Science – Malcolm K. Sparrow

Volume 6, No. 1 – 2014

  • The State we are in – Thoughts about devolution proposals for Welsh policing – Professor Colin Rogers
  • Online Investigation: Using the Internet for Investigative Policing Practice – Steve Elers
  • Social Media and Police Leadership: Lessons from Boston
  • Gender and Perceptions of Police

Volume 5, No. 2 – 2013

  • Policing Domestic Abuse Effectively: A Blueprint for Success? – Geoff Coliandris and Colin Rogers
  • Reducing the Influence of Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs
  • Postcard from the UK: Police and Crime Commissioners – Professor Jenny Fleming
  • Police Science: Toward a New Paradigm – David Weisburd and Peter Neyroud
  • Developments in Commonwealth Privacy Legislation for Locating Missing Persons – Natalie Clements

Volume 5, No. 1 – 2013

  • How people decide to act on risk: an organisational behaviour perspective of risk assessment and decision making- Greg Linsdell
  • Applied Ethics: a call for a new approach to police diversity training – Phil Palmer
  • Five Years on ANAPAA and Professionalization – Larry Proud
  • Toward a New Professionalism in Policing – Christopher Stone and Jeremy Travis